Caught through Finger Print
SUCCESS STORIES OF C.F.P.B. EXPERTS
Readers can have a glimpse of success stories w.r.t. fingerprint cases solved by C.F.P.B. experts from 2010 to 2017
I. INTERPOL CASES
1. Request for Search from New Zealand:
CFPB Case Reference No. 235/12.02.2016 Interpol search slip from New Zealand Police vide Case Reference No. A&SP/New Zealand/fingerprint/2016/454 Dt. 12-02-2016 send by Interpol Wing, CBI-NCB, India was traced against the F.P. slip bearing PID No. 90474919 present in CFPB data base, of one Arvinder Pal Singh S/o Malkeet Singh R/o H. No. 53, Professor Enclave, opposite Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab.
2. Identification of an International Fugitive wanted for Homicide in Colombia (South America): CFPB Case Ref. No. 203/2010
A high priority request for identification of an international fugitive, was received from the O/o the AD (Interpol), CBI, NCB-India, on 04th August 2010. The documents forwarded to CFPB/NCRB consisted of two copies of messages received from Interpol Colombia (South America), with an identification sheet containing demographical details as well as a fingerprint of one BARRIOS GUARIN Jose Mauricio (Colombian Citizen, ID No. 79705615, D.O.B. 14.02.1976) and a 10-digit fingerprint slip of one MAITA RODRIGUEZ Perd Alejandro. The Interpol had requested CFPB to compare single finger print with those on 10-digit fingerprint slip. After meticulous manual comparison of fingerprints on the two documents by Shri S. P. Singh, Inspector, now Dy. Supdt. (F.P.), ascertained that the single fingerprint of BARRIOS GUARIN Jose Mauricio was IDENTICAL with the Right Index (RI) finger impression present on the specimen 10-digit F.P. slip of MAITA RODRIGUEZ Perd Alejandro, hence the two finger prints were found to be of one and the same person. The result of comparison was forwarded to AD (Interpol), CBI- NCB India, New Delhi, in record time. Sh. S.P. Singh, Dy. Supdt. (FP), CFPB has also published a number of Scientific Research Papers on Fingerprints, Criminology, Forensic & Police Science etc, which are available on CFPB webpage.
3. Detection of Criminal Antecedents: CFPB Case Ref. No. 224/2011
A fingerprint slip pertaining to one Singh Iqbal was forwarded by Interpol, London to CBI, New Delhi and was received at CFPB, NCRB, New Delhi for search in the available database. The search slip was processed in FACTS (CFPB-AFIS) and was found to be a ‘trace’ against a record slip archived with CFPB PIN 604744. The successful search brought to light the criminal antecedents of the subjected person, who was convicted in pursuance of criminal case registered vide FIR No. 34 dated 24.09.1996 in the court of SDJM, Nabha on 20.09.2000 U/s 324/34 IPC. The CFPB team which successfully tracing of the Interpol search slip consisted of Inspectors (F.P) Shri P.K.Mishra, Shri Anil Gaynar, and Smt. S. Indira Sudha.
I. CASES / REQUESTS FROM OTHER GOVERNMENT AGENCIES - DOCUMENTS
- Establishment of genuine identity in recruitment of constables in CRPF: Cases were sent by CRPF authorities for examining the doubtful individuality in recruitment of constables. In these cases, fingerprints along with signatures were taken at different stages of examination like written examination, document verification, interview, physical examination and on recruitment form etc. which had to be compared with the specimen prints of the candidates. In all these cases experts at CFPB established that the prints taken at all the stages were identical thus proving that the candidates were genuine and they personally appeared at every stage of examination. Thus apart from restoring the respect, dignity and honor of the candidates CFPB, NCRB could help the authorities to handover appointment letters to the genuine candidates.
- Cases of Impersonation in Bank Recruitment Examination: Total 15 cases were examined and reported upon, out of which 2 cases related to the impersonation in Bank Recruitment Examination. In case numbers 42/2017 and 45/2017 which were done by two CFPB Inspectors (FP) respectively, CFPB experts after examination and comparison of the slips, established impersonation in both the cases. After thorough examination of the two cases it was found that genuine candidates appeared at the time of interview, while impersonation occurred at the event of CWE (Common Written Examination). Thus CFPB helped the concerned authorities in confirming their suspicion. An interesting observation in most of such cases of impersonation was that most of the candidates seem to have intentionally disturbed the fingerprint so as to make it difficult to examine, and establish identity. Although the job was challenging as the prints were of extremely poor quality, but the experts at CFPB with their due diligence, perseverance and professional expertise could conclusively establish impersonation in both the cases.
- Impersonation in the recruitment examination-PNB: In PNB recruitment cases, IBPS, Institute of Bank authorities observed mismatch in Thumb impressions affixed by the candidates on call letters for CWE/Interview and suspected impersonation. For further scrutiny they called the original Attendance Sheets for CWE & interview from IBPS, in respect of the suspected candidates. CFPB was requested to examine the fingerprints related to suspected candidates selected as Management Trainees for PNB. Although in most of the cases job was challenging as the prints were of very poor quality, but the experts at CFPB with their due diligence, perseverance and expertise could conclusively establish impersonation in 7 cases which had had occurred at the time of written examination, thus helping the bank authorities to take necessary action. The clearance of remaining candidates from suspect list could help authority handover appointment letters to the genuine candidates restoring their dignity. Impersonation in certain cases was proved, thus helping the authorities in canceling the candidature and to start proceedings against them.
- Impersonation in the recruitment examination-CAPF: Document case number 72/2016 received from CAPF presents a curious case of impersonation in the recruitment examination of constables. The referred case is one of the many suspected cases sent by CAPF for examination of fingerprints for verification purposes. The Authorities taking note of the gravity of the situation sought the help of Central Finger Print Bureau. The FPs of suspected candidate taken during different stages of examination were sent for examination & comparison. The case was allotted on 28.10.16 and the report of examination was sent on 12.01.2017. In this case although the job was very laborious & the prints too bad and concerned document on which the print reflecting the impersonation was a Xerox copy of OMR sheet but the experts left no stone unturned to examine the prints with available resources. After proper examination it was discovered that indeed there was impersonation and in the said case the questioned print affixed on the answer sheet of the written examination was different from the specimen prints and prints affixed at different other stages of examination. Thus the CFPB once again was instrumental in solving case of impersonation which we are sure will act as deterrent to future cheats.
- Impersonation in the recruitment examination - PNB: Different documents bearing the thumb impressions affixed by the candidate during different stages of examination were sent for fingerpint examination.In the year 2016,CFPB gave opinion on 21 number of document cases received from Chief Manager,Punjab National Bank Human Resources Management Division, HO: 7, Bhikaji Cama Place,New Delhi-110607 which were sent for fingerprint examination and furnishing expert opinion thereon with respect to different candidates.Each case was individually sent with its own set of enclosures for examination of finger prints. Despite the prints were taken with stamp pad ink and that too by non-professionals depicting very low quality of fingerprints,the experts at CFPB,put in their best professional competence and could give opinion on mismatched case of prints of 16 candidates out of 21 cases received from bank.
- Document Case no. 42/2016, from Tripura: This civil matter case was received from Hon’ble Civil Judge (Jr. Division) in the office of the District and Sessions Judge, Dharmanagar (North Tripura). The question by the forwarding authority was that whether the finger impressions preserved in book no. 12 and 16 of the year 1969 at sl no. 5813 and 7931 are identical or not. The plaintiffs also produced another registered sale deed bearing no. 1-7606 dated 29.11.1969, which was marked as exhibit 2. The case was done on priority basis and report of the case was sent in a single day. The prints were thoroughly examined and opinion was formed that all the prints belonged to the single digit thus aiding the court in coming to conclusion regarding a very old case in which the documents for examination dated back to the year 1969.
- Forgery in the recruitment of Examination of Constables -CFPB Document Case No. 72/2016: Document case number 72/2016 received from CAPF presents a case of impersonation in the recruitment examination of constables. The referred case is one of the many suspected cases sent by CAPF for examination of fingerprints for verification purposes. The Authorities taking note of the gravity of the situation sought the help of Central Finger Print Bureau. The fingerprints of suspected candidate taken during different stages of examination were sent for examination & comparison. After intense probe it was discovered that indeed there was impersonation and in the said case the questioned print affixed on the answer sheet of the written examination was different from the specimen prints and prints affixed at different other stages of examination.
- Post Office Case No. 41/2016: This case was received from Superintendent of post office, Phulbani (O) Division, Phulbani-762001, in which there was complaint of withdrawal from post office account of Smt. RaimatiDigal. The account holder claimed that she had never withdrawn the amount as shown in the passbook. In examination of fingerprints, left thumb impressions on SB withdrawal voucher were compared with specimen prints of the account holder. Despite very poor quality of fingerprints, experts at CFPB could give the opinion that the two sets of impressions were not identical. Thus, CFPB again came to the aid of post office authorities in determining fraudulent withdrawal.
- Five thousand finger impressions for examination from Income Tax Department: A mammoth case for finger print examination was received at CFPB from Shri P.K. Sharma, Dy. Commission of Income Tax, Circle-12 (i), New Delhi with original registers of `Wages & Labour' comprising 62 pages of A-5 size, and 128 pages of A-4 size (total 190) bearing more than 5000 finger prints for examination. The case was examined by Shri S.K. Tiwari, Inspector (F.P.) and the opinion was given in record time, to fulfill the needs of Income Tax Department.
- Fraudulent withdrawal of money: CFPB F.P. Document Case No. 13/2014: A document case received from Sr. Supdt. of Post Offices, Koraput Division, Jeypore (K), Odisha, dated 04.09.2014 regarding one Shri Sushanta Majhi (illiterate person) holding an SB Account No. 7101564 at Ambadola Sub-Post office. A sum of Rs. 9000/- was withdrawn on 26.04.2008, and Rs.19000/-on 22.02.2011 from his SB Account fraudulently. After comparing questioned fingerprints on the withdrawal slips with the ten digit specimen finger print slip, provided by the post office, it was found that the finger impressions did not belong to that of Shri Sushanta Majhi (actual account holder). Thus it became apparent that the money was withdrawn twice by two different individuals, and not by the genuine account holder. The case was examined by Shri Pawan Kumar Mishra, Inspector (FP), CFPB.
- Identification request from NIA, Guwahati, Assam: CFPB F.P. D. Case No. 11/2013: The NIA supected that N.Shanti Metei chief of PREPAK (UPPK), a banned terrorist organization active in anti-national activities was using forged documents, and false identities, for the purchase immovable properties in India and abroad. Thorough comparison of the fingerprints of T. Hemanta Sharma on land agreements, sale deeds etc, and specimen fingerprints of N.Shanti Metei, led to conclusion that the prints were IDENTICAL, thus proving that N.Shanti Metei used psydonym for illegal purchases. The efforts of Shri P.S. Gulati, Inspector, now Dy. Supdt. (F.P.) assisited NIA in its persuit for identification of a dreaded terrorism.
- Impersonation in the Pre-medical Examination detected with Fingerprints: CFPB F.P. Document Case No. 17/2013: A finger print document case was received from the Hon’ble CJM, Pouri Garhwal, for experts’ opinion, along with the following original documents - Attendance sheet of G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, Pre-medical Test sheets of 2011 bearing roll nos. 313813 to 313817, and two specimen finger print slips of one Yusuf Alam S/o Farookh Ahmed. This case was registered vide Cr. No. 10/12 u/s 8,419,420,467,468 & 471 IPC, at PS Srinagar, Janpad Pouri Garhwal. The CFPB experts’ task was to detect whether Yusuf Alam impersonated for one Haripal, in Pre-medical Test - 2011. The case was examined with the help of scientific aids, and it was opined that LTI (left thumb impression) taken against the Roll no. 313815 of Haripal at the examination centre is identical with that of Yusuf Alam. It was because of the efforts of Shri Udham Singh, Inspector (FP), CFPB, that an impersonator was identified.
- Impersonation/cheating in the recruitment process of the Ordnance Factory: Document Case Nos. 22/2013 & 03/2014: The authorities at the Ordnance Factory, Ministry of Defense, Raipur, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, doubted the authenticity of the final list of 54-candidates selected through written and trade tests conducted by them. The CFPB was sent finger prints of all the 54-provisionally selected candidates, for comparison to know whether there were any cases of impersonation. After thorough examination, the expert in the Bureau was able to discern, that in three cases the finger impressions were different, from one another, indicating impersonation on the part of the candidates. Sh. Mukesh Kumar, Inspector (FP), CFPB examined the case.
- CFPB Experts assisted Regional Provident Fund Organization (RPFO) in Detecting Dishonest Employer: CFPB F.P. Document Case No. 21/2012: The case was regarding non-extension of PF benefits to 1200 workers by a construction company, covered under Employees Provident Fund & MP Act 52. The RPFE authorities observed that the record containing the muster roll having names, payment details, thumb impressions of workers, submitted by the company are at variance with the norms, thus requested CFPB/NCRB to examine the case in detail, and furnish opinion on fingerprints thereof. The expert in the bureau examined the documents containing large number of thumb impressions, of which many were of extremely poor quality, and found major discrepancies in the finger impressions of the workers employed by them. The sincere efforts of Shri Ram Ranjan Sharma, Inspector (FP) in cracking the case assisted the RPFO authorities to implicate deceitful employer who manipulated the documents with ulterior motives.
- Debt Recovery Tribunal Case CFPB F.P. Document Case No. 4/2010: A person secured the loan of Rs.9.00 lakh from SBI, Jagatpur, Cuttack, Odisha by mortgaging a piece of property as collateral. When he failed to return the loan, the bank initiated the process to impound the mortgaged property. Only then, the bank realized that the property actually belonged to a 70-year old widow, which was mortgaged without her consent or knowledge by the applicant for loan. The elderly lady was the mother of a friend of the accused, and on realizing the fraud she made a plea before the honorable Debt Recovery Tribunal to verify the finger impressions taken on the mortgaged deeds, which were submitted before the lending agency to secure the loan. Interestingly the finger impressions, 63 in total, taken on each page of the deed as testimony, were of extremely poor quality, perhaps, recorded in such manner, deliberately. After a close scrutiny only two finger prints were found to be of some utility, though they too were partial. Nevertheless, the impressions were photographed carefully in CFPB photo-lab; the finger impressions of elderly widow recorded before the tribunal, were compared and found to be different with the finger impressions taken on the mortgaged deeds. Sh. Shibajee Tripathy, Inspector (F.P.), CFPB examined the case and detected impersonation.
III. IDENTIFICATION OF UNKNOWN DEAD BODY:
- Identification of Unknown Dead Body found in Uttarakhand: An unknown Dead body vide G.No.15/13.30 PM No.111/15 from Uttarakhand was traced against the Record Slip of Khalid@Bidda S/o Jamil Ahmed R/O Khalakheda P.S. Jhabrera, Haridwar, Uttarakhand. The CFPB registration No. for the slip was UK/20/2016, and was given PID No. 904746644 for AFIS search.
- Identification of Unknown Dead Body (UDB): CFPB FACTS Case Srl. No. 17/2014: A total of 55 fingerprint slips for establishing identity were received in FACTS (CFPB-AFIS) from Haridwar, Uttarakhand State police Department. The slips carried fingerprints of Unidentified Dead Bodies (UDBs). Majority of fingerprints were faint, smudged, or partial. All the slips required additional computer based enhancement efforts to make them decipherable for comparison by the system. Out of the 55 slips, one unidentified dead body fingerprint slip matched with the slip of one Jamil S/o. Mustaq of P.S. Kithore, Meerut, U.P. The successful input of UDB Fingerprint slip (CFPB PIN No. 90440105) followed by trace with slip bearing PIN 90423149, revealed the following antecedents of the subjected person - Jamil was convicted in pursuance of criminal case registered vide FIR No. 60 dated 19-03-2013 U/S 363 IPC of ODRS police station. Smt. S. Indira Sudha, Inspector (FP), CFPB was actively involved in the process of identification of the UDB.
IV. FACTS SEARCH:
- CFPB FACTS Case Sr. No. 01/16: The finger print Experts of CFPB have successfully identified a culprit with the help of chance Prints developed at scene of crime in Cr. No. 06/16 U/S 357,380 IPC P.S. Korutla, Karimnagar, Telangana. The Five chance prints received were thoroughly scrutinized, scanned, meticulously edited and processed in FACTS. The Culprit was successfully identified as Lavkush S/o PrabhuBhosle R/o Naigonwadi. The slip was allotted PID No. 90250951395 for search in FACTS.