'Finger Prints in India 2018' is the 22nd edition of annual publication of Central Finger Print Bureau (CFPB) under the aegis of National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). It presents the annual performance report for the calendar year 2018, of the Central and State/UT Finger Print Bureaux (SFPBx), including the activities, achievements, database status, trainings undertaken etc. It also presents other useful information such as relevant laws, equipment and relevant books, all at a glance, enabling the Finger print experts, readers and the stakeholders throughout the country to equip themselves with the latest developments in the field.
Chapter-I- ACTIVITIES OF CENTRAL FINGER PRINT BUREAU
In the year 2018, CFPB was able to examine and send opinion/report in 136 document cases received from Nationalized Banks, Recruitment Agencies, Insurance companies, and 529 chance prints received from various State/UT Finger Print Bureaux. The Bureau has been able to achieve a search slip trace percentage of 11.23. The bureau organized the XIX All India Conference of Directors of Finger Print Bureaux on 21-22 June, 2018 at MCR-HRD Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana with a participation of 98 delegates. CFPB has conducted the All India Board Examination for Finger Print Experts (AIBE) 2018, during February 2-5, 2019, for Finger Print personnel from States/UTs. In AIBE 2018, 112 eligible nominations were received, out of which 104 candidates appeared for the examination and 94 candidates passed, making the passing percentage of AIBE 2018 as 90.4%. The first position was bagged by Sh. Rejani Raj V R, Finger Print Searcher from Kerala.
The process of procuring long awaited National Automated Fingerprint Identification System (NAFIS) has started. The Request For Proposal (RFP) prepared by CFPB experts for NAFIS has been approved by MHA and a global tender has been floated to procure world class NAFIS for Indian Police. NAFIS aims to function as the central repository of all crime and criminal finger print data available in all States/UTs, and facilitate a national level searchable finger print information repository.
A detailed proposal along with comprehensive justification to amend the existing Identification of Prisoners Act 1920 (IPA) was sent to MHA for approval by CFPB/NCRB in the month of July 2018. Meetings were held at MHA and opinion of the Ministry of Law has been taken. The Act, if amended, would include more number of finger prints of arrestees/convicts leading to a significant increase in the national database. The key amendments proposed were: Change of the title to ‘Identification of Arrested and Suspected Persons’ Act; inclusion of biometrics such as Palm Impressions, Voice samples, Iris Scan, DNA typing etc.; removal of mandatory 1 year rigorous imprisonment clause; powers for Magistrate to order for taking measurements of Juveniles.
The National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) is an autonomous body under the guidance of the Dept. Of Science & Technology, Govt. of India whose purpose is to provide accreditation to testing and calibration of clinical laboratories in the country. In order to have a streamlined operation/work flow in Finger Print Bureaux, NCRB has taken a call to get accredited by the agency as per a decision point in Directors’ (Finger Print Bureaux) Conference 2018.
Chapter-II- ACTIVITIES OF STATE FINGER PRINT BUREAUX
Main responsibility of FP expert is to develop the chance prints left by criminals at the crime scene and to match with the fingerprints of the existing criminals. Further, FP experts also receive fingerprint slips of arrested persons for providing the previous criminal history by comparing fingerprints. Expert opinion is given on the handwriting in the questioned documents referred to the Finger Print Bureaux. As the total number of activities is very large, each State has submitted a few important cases based on the sensitivity, value of property lost/recovered, detection of a series of cases etc. for printing in this publication.
In the year 2018, FP staff from SFPBx visited 36,627 crime scenes and found 40,111 chance prints fit for comparison. SFPBx has forwarded details of 144 important cases solved through finger prints in the calendar year 2018 to CFPB for inclusion in the annual report, out of which 63 were shortlisted for publishing in ‘FPI 2018’ under murder, theft, dacoity, robbery, Arms Act and NDPS Act.
Chapter- III- TRANSACTION ACTIVITIES OF CFPB AND SFPBx
State wise statistics related to transactional activities such as number of FP slips of convicted and arrested persons received, accepted and enrolled, number of crime scenes visited, number of chance prints developed and compared, number of document cases received and opinion given are covered in this chapter. CFPB received 41,814 FP Slips for record & 43,311 cases for search in the central database. State Finger Print Bureaux received 79,604 finger print record slips from Districts / Police Stations and a total of 6,26,350 fit search slips for conducting search in the respective databases of Finger Print Bureaux of States/UTs. A total of 1884 document cases were received in the SFPBx out of which 1763 cases were examined by FP experts. In 342 cases, FP experts from various SFPBx deposed in the Courts of Law for testimonies. In case of development of chance finger prints from scene of crime (SOC), Kerala topped the list with development of 12,548 chance prints, followed by 9,971 chance prints by Andhra Pradesh. State of Andhra Pradesh topped the list by identifying 553 chance print cases and in document cases Tamil Nadu led with 320 cases. Following table shows the All India Statistics of the finger print transactions in States/UTs during 2018.
|TRANSACTION ACTIVITIES OF STATE FINGER PRINT BUREAUX|
|Convict Slips Received||Arrestee Slips Accepted||Chance Prints Developed||FP Document Cases Received|
Chapter- IV- ANALYSIS OF FP TRANSACTION ACTIVITIES
This chapter consists of the analysis of various finger print related transaction activities performed in States/UTs. Extensive changes have been made in the Annual Statistics Report (ASR) Form 2018, which has led to the addition of many crime specific heads and sub-heads. This revision of ASR 2018 form has facilitated in gathering crime specific information from the States/UTs.
The States of Tamil Nadu, Punjab and Andhra Pradesh have examined a large number of document cases. States such as Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Punjab and Telangana have recorded the highest number of arrestee slips. Record slips of those convicted for murder, grievous hurt, rape and attempt to murder are the highest in number as compared to other IPC heads whereas the search slips recorded also demonstrate a sharp rise in crimes such as kidnapping, abduction and assault on women. The number of persons arrested and convicted for the offence of theft is higher than those involved in each of robbery, burglary and dacoity. The number of persons arrested and convicted under NDPS Act are highest in other SLL crimes. States of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan received the highest number of conviction slips.
Chapter- V- CAPACITY BUILDING
This chapter provides information pertaining to capacity building and various training programs conducted during the calendar year. CFPB/NCRB organizes a number of training/refresher courses for police officers/staff of FPBx from India as well as from foreign countries.
|(A) NUMBER OF||(B) NUMBER OF|
|FOREIGN NATIONALS TRAINED AT CFPB||
INDIAN NATIONALS TRAINED AT
|OWN STAFF TRAINED AT SFPBx||OTHER OFFICIALS TRAINED AT SFPBx|
|CFPB NEW DELHI||CFPB KOLKATA|
Useful information like pioneers of Finger Print Science, laws related to fingerprints in India, recommendation of XIX All India FP Directors conference, staff posted in various Finger Print Bureaux, overview of NAFIS, availability of different types of equipment in each State/UT, list of AIBE toppers, standard books on finger print science, contact details of State FPBx are covered in the annexure part of this publication.