NCRB was set-up in 1986 to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators, based on the recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Task force (1985).

NCRB developed Integrated Investigation Forms (IIF) in 1989-93 and implemented the Crime and Criminal Information System (CCIS) during the years 1995-2004. NCRB was entrusted with the responsibility for monitoring, co-ordinating and implementing the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS) project in the year 2009. The project connects 15000+ police stations and 6000 higher offices of police in the country.

National Digital Police Portal was launched on 21st August 2017, and it allows search for a criminal / suspect on a national data base apart from providing various services to citizens like filing of complaints online and seeking antecedent verification of tenants, domestic helps, drivers etc. https://digitalpolice.gov.in/. Citizen Services Mobile App consisting of the 9 services (SoS, Complaint Registration, Locate PS, View FIR, Citizen Tip, etc.) was launched by the Bureau during the 33rd Inception Day celebrations of the Bureau on 11th March 2018.

The Bureau has been entrusted by MHA to maintain National Database of Sexual Offenders (NDSO) and share it with the States/UTs on regular basis. NCRB has also been designated as the Central Nodal Agency to manage technical and operational functions of the ‘Online Cyber-Crime Reporting Portal’ and associated work of Cyber Crime Prevention against Women & Children (CCPWC) of MHA.

NCRB also compiles and publishes National Crime Statistics i.e. Crime in India, Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India and Prison Statistics India. These publications serve as principal reference points by policy makers, police, criminologists, researchers and media both in India and abroad. NCRB has been conferred with “Digital India Awards 2016-Silver Open Data Championship” from the Government of India in open data championship category with silver for uploading of Crime Statistics since 1953 on Govt. Portal.

NCRB has also floated various IT based Public Services like, Vahan Samanvay (online matching for Stolen/Recovered vehicles), Talash (matching of missing persons and dead bodies). The Bureau received the Special Jury Award for ‘Vahan Samanvay’ Appliation in FICCI Smart Policing Award 2018. In addition, NCRB also maintains Counterfeit Currency Information and Management System (FICN) and Integrated Monitoring on Terrorism (iMoT).

The Central Finger Print Bureau is a national repository of all fingerprints in the country and has more than one million ten digit finger prints data base of criminals (both convicted and arrested) and provides for search facility on FACTS (Fingerprint Analysis and Criminal Tracing System). It is proposed to upgrade to NAFIS in near future so that all States will be able to send/search finger prints/ fire queries directly online to NCRB. CFPB publishes ‘Finger Prints in India’ annually and organizes the annual conference of Directors of Finger Print Bureaux.

NCRB also assists various States in capacity building in the area of Information Technology, CCTNS, Finger Prints, Network security and Digital Forensics through its training centers in Delhi, Kolkata and 4 Regional Police Computer Training Centres (RPCTC) at Hyderabad, Gandhi Nagar, Lucknow, and Kolkata.

The Bureau’s new complex at Mahipalpur was inaugurated by the Hon’ble Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh on 08th September 2017.

Future Road Map and Action Plan:

  1. CCTNS Phase II:
    1. Linkages of Specialized Solutions in CCTNS like National Automated Fingerprint Identification System (NAFIS), and Advanced Facial Recognition System (AFRS). Integration of CCTNS with ‘2 CJS’ National Emergency Response System (NERS), CCTVs, beat System, Passports and Transport etc.
    2. Infrastructure (Hardware) upgrade for all PSs, HOs, NDC, SDCs, and DRCs.
    3. Connecting all FIR Registering Units presently not covered under CCTNS agencies like Excise, Forest, Transport, CBI, NCB, ED, NIA, RPF etc.
    4. Robust Network Connectivity for Police Stations through BharatNet / NOFN or other service providers
    5. Application upgrade of CCTNS for enterprise & faster search and user friendly interface
  2. CMAC: Creation of Crime – Multi Agency Centre (C-MAC) as per the recommendation of DGPs/IGPs Conference 2018 which may include sharing of information on Crime / Criminal Intelligence – Modus Operandi, alerts on Inter-State Criminals / Gangs to States/UTs, etc.
  3. Crime Data Analytics: For strategic planning & predictive policing.
  4. Legal amendments like identification of Prisoners Act, 1920, Aadhaar Act (for identification of found children & mentally challenged persons, un-identified dead bodies) for data sharing between Centre and State
  5. Developing NCRB as a ‘Centre of Excellence’ in Crime Criminal Intelligence and Finger Print Science.

The Bureau looks forward to fostering of partnership with universities, researchers, NGOs and public.

Suggestions, if any, are welcome at director@ncrb.nic.in.